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Torus-breakdown near a heteroclinic attractor: a case study

Abstract

There are few explicit examples in the literature of vector fields exhibiting observable chaos that may be proved analytically. This paper reports numerical experiments performed for an explicit two-parameter family of SO(2) ⊕ Z2–symmetric vector fields whose organising center exhibits an attracting heteroclinic network linking two saddle-foci. Each vector field in the family is the restriction to S3 of a polynomial vector field in R4. We investigate global bifurcations due to symmetry-breaking and we detect strange attractors via a mechanism called Torus-Breakdown. We explain how an attracting torus gets destroyed by following the changes in the unstable manifold of a saddle-focus.
Although a complete understanding of the corresponding bifurcation diagram and the mecha- nisms underlying the dynamical changes is out of reach, we uncover complex patterns for the symmetric family under analysis, using a combination of theoretical tools and computer sim- ulations. This article suggests a route to obtain rotational horseshoes and strange attractors; additionally, we make an attempt to elucidate some of the bifurcations involved in an Arnold tongue.

Luisa Castro

Publication

Year of publication: 2021

Date published: 08/2021

Type: Original Article

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